Online Program

Collaborative practice model for community health assessment

Wednesday, November 6, 2013 : 12:30 p.m. - 12:50 p.m.

Kim Larson, PhD, MPH, RN, Division of Undergraduate Nursing Science, College of Nursing, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
Mandee Foushee Lancaster, MA, Office of Innovation and Economic Development, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
Rebecca Craig, Wayne Memorial Hospital, Goldsboro, NC
Carolyn King, Wayne County Health Department, Goldsboro, NC
Justin Raines, MA, Center for Survey Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
Zachary Love, MA, Center for Survey Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
In response to the implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Affordable Care Act of 2010, a community-university partnership was established to examine a county through a comprehensive community health assessment and to develop a three-year strategic plan. A six-member leadership team representing the community hospital, local health department, and regional university collected data from January through December, 2012. The leadership team convened a meeting with 43 key stakeholders to identify community health best practices. To gain input from residents, the team conducted 10 focus groups (N=86) and gathered survey results from 1,368 community residents to assess health behaviors and attitudes. In addition, secondary data from over 20 local, state, and national sources were used to determine priority needs. Analyses identified community strengths and critical social and health indicators. Strengths included numersous community resources, including community support, connectedness, and good location to live and raise a family. The primary social indicators were poverty, crime, and health literacy. The primary health indicators were lack of access to care, lack of mental health, obesity, heart disease, cancer, and sexually transmitted infections. A key finding was that stakeholders approached health care from a proactive perspective, with an emphasis on prevention, whereas focus group participants approached health care from a reactive perspective, with an emphasis on safety net programs. The community-university collaborative model shared human and financial resources to conduct the community health assessment. A collaborative community strategic plan will be developed. Consequently, systems-level strategies in research, education, and practice will be provided.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe the role of key stakeholders and community members in conducting a community health assessment. Differentiate strategies for collecting perspectives from under-represented populations and geographically-represented community groups. Discuss divergent and convergent opinions gathered from multiple sectors of the community.

Keyword(s): Community Health Assessment, Partnerships

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal or co-principal investigator of multiple state funded grants focusing on community-university partnerships, eliminating health disparities, and developing cultural competency among health professionals.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.