Identifying persuasive messages to promote tobacco-free policy change
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
: 5:10 p.m. - 5:30 p.m.
Background: Despite increasing awareness of the dangers of tobacco, including smoking and secondhand smoke, smoking remains a prevalent behavior among young adults. Smoking behaviors on college campuses are particularly puzzling, given high levels of knowledge about the related risks and the availability of campus health services that provide quit resources. Moreover, despite consensus that smoke- and tobacco-free policies are the optimal strategy to prevent secondhand and outdoor tobacco smoke exposure, the vast majority of campuses in the United States continue to be reticent to adopt such policies. In the current study, an interdisciplinary research team utilized models from the field of political communications to examine predictors of support and opposition to smoke-free policy proposals. Specifically, since previous research indicates that the framing of political issues and individuals' emotional states are powerful predictors of policy support, we incorporate framing theory and framing affect into a model of smoke-free policy support. Methods: An online questionnaire was administered at a Midwestern university, and responses were analyzed to examine relationships between levels of tobacco usage, levels of smoke- and tobacco-free policy support, emotions, and issue framing. Results: A total of 1304 undergraduate and graduate students completed the questionnaire, 42.9% of whom smoked currently or had smoked in the past. Even controlling for smoking behavior, issue frame variables and emotions emerge as significant predictors of policy support. Conclusions: Findings from this study will aid the development of informed and effective messaging strategies to foster support for smoke- or tobacco-free policy or other policy proposals.
Advocacy for health and health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related public policy
Identify current patterns of support and opposition of tobacco-free policy proposals.
Describe demographic variables and frames of thought surrounding tobacco-free policies.
Examine framing theory and linguistic markers of support using computer analysis tools.
Identify methods of using tailored messaging to increase support for tobacco-free policy proposals.
Keyword(s): Tobacco Policy, Advocacy
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: My PhD is in Human Development and is centered on health behavior development and health promotion. With my research activities, I attempt to understand motivations for individuals' health behaviors. I am an assistant professor in health promotion, and my primary research focus is chronic disease prevention.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.