Online Program

A geographic information system (GIS) based analysis of HIV/AIDS infected population and HIV prevention and educational facilities in Arkansas

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Amar Kanekar, PhD, MPH, MB, BS, MCHES, CPH, Department of Health, Human Performance and Sport Management, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Little Rock, AR
Peter Kimosop, PhD, M.A., B.Sc, Department of Geography, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH
A recent study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that over 1.1 million people in the United States are living with HIV infection and close to 18.1% of the country's population are unaware that they are infected. HIV rates across the United States vary by region, with a greater proportion of infections found in the Southern states. Infection rates within the state of Arkansas have exceeded 200 people annually since 2004 and have been found predominantly within the age group 20-30. A number of HIV prevention and education facilities have been established across the state to meet for the needs of the affected populations. Yet, accessibility and spatial distribution of these facilities in relation to the HIV affected population is not well understood. The current research incorporates Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and spatial statistics in evaluating the distribution of preventive and educational facilities in conjunction with the distribution of the affected populations. Data on HIV infections obtained through the Arkansas Department of Health is used to map the distribution of HIV infections. Population distribution especially on various population demographics such as age groups and races are also mapped. A hotspot analysis that detects the unusual concentration of HIV infections in space relative to the availability of preventative or educational facilities is presented. Results obtained from this study will be useful in guiding the Arkansas Department of Health improve accessibility to these vital facilities. Implications and ideas for future research will also be presented.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe descriptive data related to HIV/AIDS infections in the state of Arkansas. Compare and contrast the HIV infected population against the available educational and preventive facilities in State of Arkansas. Create a GIS map of population distribution related to available demographic data.

Keyword(s): Geographic Information Systems, HIV/AIDS

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am an Assistant Professor in the Department of Health, Human Performance and Sport Management.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.