Drinking habits of rural-to-urban versus urban-to-urban internal migrants in chengdu, China
Design: Cross-sectional, 165-item survey of job-seeking migrants carried out in Chengdu, China in 2005.
Setting: Respondents were selected randomly for an in-person survey from eight labor markets targeting various job types.
Participants: Weighted analyses included 1,005 participants. 504 females, 501 males. 47% between ages 18 and 25. 36% of respondents were rural migrants, and 64% were urban migrants.
Measurements: Thirty-day drinking history including binge drinking rates as well as demographic and socioeconomic measures.
Results: 35.5% of total respondents had had at least one drink in the past 30 days, with no significant difference between rural- and urban-migrant respondents. ~19% of respondents had binged on alcohol in the past 30 days. For urban-migrants, increases in education level and monthly income were correlated with increased likelihood of being a current drinker. Increased education, increased income, and increased pressure at work led to higher likelihood of binge drinking in the urban-migrant population. Increased income was the only variable correlated with increased likelihood of current drinking in rural-migrants. Increased affordability of medical care was negatively correlated with binge drinking in rural-migrants.
Conclusion: Though the general drinking rates do not vary significantly between urban-to-urban and rural-to-urban migrants in Chengdu, China, the reasons behind drinking rates may be different. These differences are important when making alcohol-related policy choices.
Learning Areas:Public health or related research
Compare the drinking habits of urban versus rural migrants to a metropolitan area of China Identify differences in alcohol consumption patterns based on socioeconomic status Assess the reasons behind the differences in consumption for rural-to-urban and urban-to-urban migrants
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use, Migrant Health
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am currently a doctoral student studying global health and world politics. My research has looked at the effects of government-level policies on health in international populations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.