Online Program

Development and validation of a brief measure of resilience among young gay and bisexual males

Tuesday, November 5, 2013 : 8:30 a.m. - 8:45 a.m.

Douglas Bruce, PhD, Department of Health Sciences, Master of Public Health Program, DePaul University, Chicago, IL
Amy Herrick, PhD, Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh
Gary W. Harper, PhD, MPH, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI
Introduction: Research on young gay and bisexual males has increasingly focused on resilience as a protective factor for health and well-being among this population. Our exploratory study was intended to move assessment of resilience beyond individually-focused traits and assess resilience and as an outgrowth of identity development involving individual, dyadic, and societal factors. Methods: Items were developed from qualitative data gathered from young gay and bisexual males in two previous NIH-funded multi-site studies. We surveyed a racially diverse sample of 200 young gay and bisexual males in Chicago. Analysis was conducted in the following steps: (1) principal component analysis (PCA) to empirically determine the items that best fit a brief measure of resilience; (2) reliability analysis; and (3) bivariate and multivariate analysis of our resilience scale with various demographic variables and attitudinal variables. Results: PCA resulted in 10 indicators loading on two components that comprised 51% of the total variance. The resilience measure (α=.79) was positively correlated with social support from friends and family, and gay identity, and negatively correlated with internalized homophobia, depressive symptoms, and bisexual identity. Multivariate analysis results demonstrated a significant negative association with internalization of gay-related stigma (β=-.28, p<.001) and significant positive association with social support from friends (β=.23, p<.01) and gay identity (β=.21, p<.01). Conclusions: The 10-item multidimensional measure of resilience demonstrated acceptable validity and reliability and correlated with other attitudinal measures. Multivariate results indicating that the scale measures an underlying construct of gay identity-oriented resilience that may not extend to young bisexual males.

Learning Areas:

Diversity and culture
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the development of a brief measure of resilience assessing individual, dyadic and societal factors among young gay and bisexual males Discuss positive and negative associations with resilience among a sample of this population

Keyword(s): Gay Men, Bisexual

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am an Assistant Professor at DePaul University, and have conducted research with young gay and bisexual males for the past 10 years. The present study was funded under a K01 career development award from NIMH.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.