Online Program

College campus tobacco-free policies: A systematic literature review

Sunday, November 3, 2013

Amanda Fallin, PhD, RN, Center for Tobacco Policy Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Nicholas Simpson, Graduate Research Assistant, College of Nursing, Lexington, KY
Melinda Ickes, PhD, Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY
Background and Issues: Tobacco smoke exposure increases the risk of adverse health outcomes including cancer, heart and lung disease, and premature death. Young adults smoke at rates higher than any other age group and virtually all adult daily smokers began before age 26. In 2010, one in four college students reported past month smoking. Community college and part time students smoke at particularly high rates, 29% and 39.9%, respectively. Tobacco-free college campus policies have the potential to be high impact interventions to reduce smoking and secondhand smoke. Description: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using PubMed and GoogleScholar. Using American College Health Association guidelines as a framework, the state of the science on tobacco-free college campuses was summarized. Key words included tobacco, tobacco-free, smoke-free, smoking ban and college campus. Lessons Learned: Preliminary results indicate that most relevant studies focus on adoption of campus policies, with few examining issues related to policy implementation or compliance. The few studies that have evaluated outcomes of smoke or tobacco-free campus policies in Kentucky, North Carolina, and Canada have identified major issues with policy compliance.

Recommendations: Simply adopting a tobacco-free campus policy is not enough to change behaviors and ensure that the policy is effective. Policy implementation is an often ignored but critically important part of the policymaking process. It is important to understand which implementation strategies lead to high policy compliance. Future research is needed to determine best practices for adopting and implementing a tobacco-free campus policy to ensure the policy achieves desired outcomes.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines

Learning Objectives:
Discuss the state of the science of college campus tobacco-free policies Discuss the importance of effective college campus tobacco-free policy implementation to achieve desired policy outcomes

Keyword(s): Tobacco Policy, College Students

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a postdoctoral fellow at the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, and my main research focus is adoption and implementation of smoke and tobacco-free policies.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.