A combination of school physical activity programs and physical activity levels of elementary students during school hours: Suburban cook county CPPW
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
: 8:30 a.m. - 8:50 a.m.
Soyang Kwon, PhD
, Stanley Manne Children’s Research Institute, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Maryann Mason, PhD
, Stanley Manne Children’s Research Institute, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Sarah B. Welch, MPH
, Consortium to Lower Obesity in Chicago Children, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Purpose: to compare time spent in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA time) during school hours according to a combination of school PA programs offered on the day, such as physical education (PE) class, recess, and classroom activity breaks, among elementary school students. Methods: The Suburban Cook County Community Putting Prevention to Work site assessed PA levels of 5th and 6th graders in 12 elementary schools during school hours for four consecutive days using accelerometers. Presence of PE class, recess, and classroom activity breaks on each of accelerometer measurement days was recorded by classroom teachers. Gender-specific multilevel linear regression models were used to compare MVPA time during school hours according to a combination of PA programs offered on the day, adjusted for monitor wear time, school race/ethnicity, and grade. Results: Accelerometry data analysis included 1725 valid day data from 505 student participants (49% girls). All participating schools had the every day recess policy. Students, on average, engaged in more MVPA (10 minutes more for boys and 7 minutes more for girls; Ps < 0.01) on the day with PE and recess, compared to the day with recess only. Adding classroom activity breaks in addition to recess did not significantly increase students' MVPA engagement. Conclusion: This evalution supports that multi-component school PA policy interventions, such as PE combined with recess or classroom activity breaks, increase MVPA during school hours among the school-aged children. However, recess and classroom activity breaks may not have additive effects on increasing elementary students' MVPA.
Chronic disease management and prevention
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
List examples of school physical activity opportunities.
Compare the effect of each and/or a combination of school physical activity opportunities on elementary students' moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity during school hours.
Keyword(s): Physical Activity, School-Based Programs
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have published 10+ physical activity papers over the past four years. My research interest is pediatric physical activity. I conceived the study idea, managed and analyzed data, and drafted the abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.