Online Program

Changes in tobacco use and exposure to second hand smoke among students in selected countries of the africa: Findings from nationally representative global youth tobacco survey

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Kyung Lee, Northrop Grumman information Systems, Atlanta, GA
Krishna Palipudi, PhD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Background: Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of premature disease and death globally. Systematically monitoring tobacco use is a key strategy to address this epidemic. However, representative data on tobacco use has been particularly scarce from the African region. This study examines trends for current tobacco use and second hand smoke (SHS) exposure among students in selected African countries (Congo, Ghana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Uganda) using the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). Methods: The GYTS, a self-administered school-based survey, has been conducted nationally in these African countries at least twice between 2002 and 2011 to monitor tobacco use and key tobacco control measures among students aged 13-15 years. Results: Namibia showed significant reduction in current cigarette smoking from18.8% to 11.9% and never smokers susceptible to initiate smoking from 36.4% to 24.9% but a large increase in other tobacco use from 15.0% to 26.4%. Four other countries also found smaller declines in current cigarette smoking or SHS exposure but increases in other tobacco use. South Africa showed a decline in both current cigarette smoking and other tobacco use. Conclusions: These findings indicate that decreasing cigarette smoking with concurrent increases in non-cigarette tobacco use in majority of the selected African countries, suggesting continued monitoring is important to understand trends and keep the tobacco epidemic in check. The effective implementation of prevention policies outlined in the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and MPOWER have the potential to further reduce tobacco use and SHS exposure in Africa.

Learning Areas:

Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Describe changes over time in tobacco use among students from African region

Keyword(s): Tobacco, Youth

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been conducted complex survey data analysis and assisted in technical review and assessment as well conduct format training workshops to support partners with implementing survey and evaluation. My research interests include global tobacco use among youth, birth defects, racial disparities, nutrition, diabetes and obesity. I currently support the Global Tobacco Control in the Office on Smoking and Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a Northrop Grumman information Systems contractor.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.