Prevalence and characteristics of non-fatal motor-vehicle crashes among Iowa law enforcement officers
Methods: A state-wide random sample of 136 law enforcement agencies, stratified by type (sheriff, municipal, Iowa State Patrol) and size (<10 officers, 10-50, and greater than 50) was drawn from all Iowa agencies. Sixty agencies agreed to participate (44%) and a cross-sectional survey was distributed to 1,466 sworn officers by the agency head in 2011. Analyses were performed using SAS.
Results: 1,157 officers responded for a response rate of 79%. State-wide, 20% of LEOs reported being in an occupational MVC in the prior three years (n=225, 19.5%). MVCs were more common among officers younger than 32 years (p<0.0001) and patrol officers (p=0.002). Seventy percent of MVCs occurred in clear weather conditions (n=157), 49% in daylight hours (n=111), and 79% at speeds below 50 mph (n=178). Thirty-four percent occurred during an emergency response (n=77). In 90% of the MVCs, the LEO reported being restrained in the driver seat (n=204). LEOs were injured in 17% of the MVCs (n=39) and of those, 77% filed a workers' compensation claim (n=35).
Conclusions: MVCs primarily occurred during non-high risk driving situations (daylight, clear weather, low speeds, non-emergency calls). Further exploration of training, policy, and cultural elements may help to reduce MVCs among LEOs.
Learning Areas:Occupational health and safety
Describe the prevalence and characteristics of non-fatal motor-vehicle crashes among a cohort of sworn Iowa Law Enforcement Officers Discuss ideas for future research into interventions to reduce motor-vehicle crashes in law enforcement
Keyword(s): Occupational Injury and Death, Motor Vehicles
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I developed the study design and hypotheses, aided in the data collection, analyzed the data, and prepared the abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.