Online Program

Prevalence of tobacco use and purchase patterns in 14 low and middle income countries

Wednesday, November 6, 2013 : 8:30 a.m. - 8:50 a.m.

Judy Kruger, phd, Office on Smoking and Health, CDC, Atlanta, GA
Jason Hsia, PhD, Global Tobacco Control, CDC, Atlanta, GA
Glenda Blutcher-Nelson, MSc, Global Tobacco Control Branch, CDC, Atlanta, GA
Samira Asma, DDS, MPH, Global Tobacco Control Branch, Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, GA
To set priorities and targets for reducing tobacco use public health professionals need to understand patterns of tobacco use and purchase. We conducted this analysis to examine: 1) the prevalence of use of tobacco products, including both smoked and smokeless, and 2) the most common purchase locations for these products. We used data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), a nationally representative survey of participants aged >15 years, residing in Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Mexico, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay and Vietnam. In-person interviews were obtained in the local language. Data for the first wave of GATS were collected between October 1, 2008-March 15, 2010. The sample consisted of current tobacco users who were identified as users of factory manufactured cigarettes (FMC), roll-your-own cigarettes, tobacco pipes, cigars, cheroots, cigarillo, waterpipes or smokeless tobacco products. Most of these countries reported FMC as the most popular type of tobacco product. Prevalence of FMC use among current smokers ranged from 37.4% in India to 98.5% in Russia. In order of highest to lowest, the majority of those who smoked FMC cigarettes purchased them from: 1) stores, 2) kiosks, 3) street vendors, or 4) some other location. Information about tobacco product purchase patterns can help guide researchers in selecting intervention targets. Identification of location of the last FMC purchase among current tobacco users is useful to inform tobacco control policy.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe the global prevalence of factory manufactured cigarette use Identify the most common locations to purchase factory manufactured cigarettes

Keyword(s): Tobacco, Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As a Health Scientist in the Office on Smoking and Health I am familiar with the prevalence of tobacco use in the population. I developed the research protocol for this abstract and am comfortable presenting the materials.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.