Health status of HIV-infected women of color in rural and urban sites entering HIV care
Results. In contrast to rural women (R), more urban (U) women reported a history of AIDS ** (22%U vs. 13%R), and more days with a depressed mood in the last month**(72%U vs. 63%R), compared with rural (R) women. More rural women reported having excellent/very good general health** (23%U vs. 30%R) and reported having very healthy days in the last month (76%U vs. 84%R)**. Rural women also reported more vaginal yeast infections** (46%U vs. 63%R), sexually transmitted infections** (40%U vs. 50%R), trichomoniasis** (18%U vs. 32%R), and current pregnancy** (14%U vs. 27%R). Hypertension** (18%U vs. 32%R) was also reported more frequently by rural women. Also noted, rural women reported more chlamydia and heart problems and urban women reported more genital herpes, chronic pain and hepatitis C but these did not reach statistical significance.
Conclusion. Urban women have a lower health status and more AIDS than rural HIV+ women, whereas, rural women are more likely to report STIs and to be pregnant at the time of the interview.
Learning Areas:Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Clinical medicine applied in public health
Provision of health care to the public
Describe differences in the health status of HIV-infected women entering or re-entering care.
Keyword(s): Access and Services, Co-morbid
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal or co-principal of multiple federally funded grants focusing on HIV treatment, prevention and co-occurring disorders. Among my scientific interests has been the development and evaluation of clinical programs.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.