Online Program

Does the bathing style of Japanese contribute to prevent atherosclerotic diseases?

Sunday, November 3, 2013

Sumiko Goto, MD PHD, Senpo Tokyo Takanawa Hospital Health Care and Reserch Center, Tokyo, Japan
Yasuaki Goto, ONSEN medical science research center, Japan Health & Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
Purpose; Japanese generally bath in bathtub with hot water (104-108°F) mostly every day, which is a specific daily habit being different from other countries. We investigate the relationship between the bathing habit of people who have annual health check-up in our institute and atherosclerosis related factors to evaluate the positive effects of bathing in hot water. Methods; The questionnaire survey was conducted on 169 participants (mean age, 46.9 years; 100 men and 69 women) in February 2011. The questionnaire items were the favorite style of bathing (bathing in bathtub or taking shower), the frequency of bathing per week, the bathing time of the day, and the favorite temperature of bathing water. Atherosclerotic related factors from routine physical examinations and laboratory data were collected. To examine the relationship between a bathing style and atherosclerotic risk factors, participants were classified as people who bath in bath tub every day and the others. Analysis of variance was used and a P-value of ≺0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Overall, 159 participants (94.1%) answered that they like to take bath in bathtub very much or moderately. The favorite temperature of bathing water was 104°F in winter and even in summer. Participants especially bathing in bathtub every day showed lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, triglyceride, waist circumference, AST, ALT, and higher Adiponectine compared with other participants. Conclusion; Bathing with hot water every day may have good effects to prevent hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and metabolic syndrome. We think that Japanese bathing style could contribute to prevent atherosclerotic diseases due to Japanese longevity.

Learning Areas:

Chronic disease management and prevention
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Evaluate the effects of Japanese bathing style on preventing ahterosclerotic diseases.

Keyword(s): Health Behavior, Primary Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a physician doing health check-up in our institute and I am dedicated in the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. This research was approved by Ethical Committee fo the Senpo Tokyo Hospital.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.