Online Program

Global burden of alcohol use disorders: Cross-cultural comparison

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Vanessa Marshall, PhD, College of Public Health, Kent State University, Kent, OH
Mark James, PhD, College of Public Health, Kent State University, Kent, OH
Issues. Alcohol use disorders (AUD) remain a significant risk factor for global burden of disease. Research suggests unrecorded consumption is estimated to be at least two-thirds of all alcohol consumption in the Indian subcontinent, one third in Eastern Europe and Latin America, and about half of consumption in Africa. The purpose of this paper is to assess the cross-cultural global impact of AUD among Caribbean, Latin America, and Indian regions. Description. Systematic review of individualized search strategies from electronic databases was conducted to identify the relevant literature that provided evidence about AUD including patterns, consequences, and policy among Caribbean, Latin American, and Indian populations. Lessons Learned. Global patterns suggest alcohol consumption is associated with affluence. Cultural differences influence the pattern of alcohol use and defining alcohol-related problems differ with risk/protective factors and beliefs. Most countries do not have adequate policies and strategies in place to address the effects of AUD. Recommendations. Recognition and action by public health professionals to initiate evidence-based prevention with incorporation of social determinants of health with alcohol-related health disparities is crucial. Initiatives aimed at addressing excessive alcohol consumption and the built environment such as improving environmental and socioeconomic conditions will benefit the global population. Prevention and intervention efforts should focus on the social ecological systems and policy development to address the global burden on AUD.

Learning Areas:

Diversity and culture
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Identify cross-cultural comparison of alcohol use disorders between Caribbean, Latin America, and Indian populations. Evaluate prevention, social determinants of health, and policy development to address the global burden of alcohol use disorders.

Keyword(s): Alcohol Use, Ethnic Minorities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I manage various multidisciplinary alcohol research studies and train various health care professionals about addiction.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.