Online Program

Comparison of national strategies of suicide prevention: National strategies of New Zealand, USA, Ireland, England, Scotland, Australia, and korea analyzed based on the WHO framework

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Jung-Soo Kim, M.A., Graduate School of Social Welfare, Health & Mental Health Lab, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)
In Han Song, PhD, Institute of Convergence Science, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)

Background: With increasing international concerns on suicide, the United Nations(UN) and the World Health Organization(WHO) have recommended every government should develop and implement a comprehensive national strategy for suicide prevention.

Method: This study analyzed the strategies of New Zealand, the United States, Ireland, England, Scotland, Australia, and Korea. For this purpose, by examining all the governmental documents and data, those national strategies were analyzed based on the framework presented by the WHO.

Results: The strategies were reviewed and analyzed with regard to the potential components of a suicide prevention strategy; (1) clear objectives; (2) relevant risk and protective factors; (3) effective interventions; (4) improving case registration and conducting research; and (5) monitoring and evaluation. National strategies with considering their own societal contexts and solid structural plans showed better effectiveness in reducing suicide rates.

Conclusions: The effectiveness of the WHO framework for suicide prevention was discussed. Recommendations were presented in the levels of organization, content, and effectiveness evaluation for improving the national suicide prevention strategy.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health administration or related administration
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Compare the national strategies for suicide prevention among New Zealand, the United States, Ireland, England, Scotland, Australia, and Korea Discuss recommendations for improving national suicide prevention strategies based on the WHO recommendations.

Keyword(s): Suicide, International

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I collected and analyzed the data, and wrote the abstract with co-author.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

Back to: 4173.0: Global violence and injury