Online Program

Best practices for predicting and preventing pandemics

Tuesday, November 5, 2013 : 9:10 a.m. - 9:30 a.m.

Catherine Machalaba, MPH, Health and Policy, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY
William Karesh, DVM, Health and Policy, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY
Kristine Smith, DVM, Dipl. ACZM, Health and Policy, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY
As zoonoses account for nearly two-thirds of human infectious diseases, the majority of which are from wild species, animal health represents an important factor in public health. This is especially relevant given increasing pressures on our environment that are changing human contact with wildlife, resulting in the growing threat of disease emergence to our global and local public health and economies. Leading drivers of disease emergence in humans from wildlife include anthropogenic pressures such as land use change, food production systems, and trade and travel. These complex drivers require broad and novel approaches to predicting and preventing disease emergence. A multisectoral or “One Health” approach that considers the human-animal-environment links can promote synergies among public health, veterinary and medical professions with other disciplines. For example, wildlife health and novel pathogen surveillance can allow for more proactive identification of risks for zoonotic pathogen emergence and transmission, and mapping of disease “hotspots” and disease forecasting can help inform areas of greatest risk to guide resource allocation for prevention efforts. Ecological and evolutionary perspectives can provide insight on pathogen ecology to guide control strategies, and social scientists can help identify population factors that lead to practices that increase disease transmission risk. A One Health approach may yield cost-effective disease prevention, monitoring and response, and can be implemented on a wide range of scales. Valuable insight and best practices can be gained from successful One Health models such as the USAID Emerging Pandemic Threats PREDICT program and the One Health Alliance of South Asia.

Learning Areas:

Environmental health sciences
Other professions or practice related to public health
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Define drivers of disease emergence in humans. Describe successful models of a One Health approach. Identify best practices the public health, veterinary and medical communities can implement to help predict and prevent pandemics.

Keyword(s): Emerging Diseases, One Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a public health professional with experience in healthcare systems strengthening. My co-authors and I have had a central role in driving collaboration towards One Health goals among the public health, veterinary, and medical communities with stakeholders representing sectors including biodiversity, private industry, and other disciplines. My co-authors have implemented and led several international One Health initiatives that integrate best practices for predicting, preventing, and controlling zoonotic diseases.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

Back to: 4072.0: Disease Outbreak Response