Online Program

Family dinners and substance use in a prohibitionist university population

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Duane C. McBride, PhD, Behavioral Science Department, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI
Gary Hopkins, MD, DrPH, Institute for Prevention of Addidtions, Department of Behavioral Science, Andrews University, Post Falls, ID
Alina Baltazar, MSW, Social Work Department, Andrews Univesity, Berrien Springs, MI
Curtis J. VanderWaal, MSW, PhD, Department of Social Work, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI
Kathryn Conopio, Masters student, Behavioral Sciences Department, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI
Background: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between frequency of family dinners when they were at home and the use of alcohol, marijuana and sexual activity in a Church affiliated college listed as one of the 10 most international and diverse student bodies in the U.S. that prohibits the use of alcohol and drugs. Methods: Survey data were collected using anonymous surveys from a representative sample of classes at the university. A total of 750 completed surveys were collected. The overall relationship between frequency dinners and substance use behavior and sexual activity was examined overall and by gender and ethnic group. Results: Analysis focused on the overall relationship between family dinners and ever use alcohol or marijuana or engaged in sexual activity (if not married). Overall ORs were .91 for both alcohol (p=.01) as well as marijuana (p=.06) and .87 (p<.001) for ever sex. There were major differences by gender and ethnic group. For females, the OR for all three behaviors was approximately .86 (p<02). Further investigation showed that the OR was the strongest for Caucasian females; the OR for Ever Alcohol was .82 and for both Ever Marijuana and Ever Sex .76. All relationships were at the .02 level. Conclusions: The analysis showed a significant relationship between frequency of family dinners and lower odds of ever use of alcohol or marijuana and lower odds of sexual activity in this college population. The data showed that the relationship between family dinners was strongest for Caucasian females.

Learning Areas:

Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Analyze the relationship between frequency of family dinners and substance use and sexual behavior in a college age population Describe differences by gender and ethnicity Discuss the role of family dinners in reducing health risk behaviors among college students

Keyword(s): Family Involvement, Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I hold a PhD in Sociology and have been engaged in public health research in the area of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs for forty years. I have conducted epidemiological, etiological and health service research in substance abuse and have been supported by NIH, NIJ and The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. I have published over 100 articles and monographs including two in the American Journal of Public Health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.