Online Program

Perceived needs and concerns of residents in a rail yard community: The enrrich project

Wednesday, November 6, 2013

Susanne Montgomery, PhD, MPH, MS, Behavioral Health Institute, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Monideepa Becerra, DrPH, MPH, CHES, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Benjamin Joseph Becerra, DrPH, MBA, MPH, MS, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Rhonda Spencer Hwang, DrPH, MPH, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Penny Newman, Center for Community Action and Environmental Justice (CCAEJ), Riverside, CA
Samuel Soret, PhD, MPH, School of Public Health, Center for Community Resilience, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
San Bernardino, California is home to BNSF San Bernardino Railyard (SBR), a major trading hub that was recently identified by the California Air Resources Board as having the highest community health risk in the State. In response, the ENRRICH Project was implemented by Loma Linda University researchers and their local community partner CCAEJ to investigate the potential linkage between proximity to the railyard and adverse health outcomes. The project used a community-based participatory research approach with mixed methods. Qualitative inquiry was conducted to contextually inform the quantitative study, in which randomly selected residents (N=715) near the railyard and further away (controls) were interviewed by rigorously trained residents. Data was coded for recurrent themes and organized into overarching categories. Themes and trends were then concurrently analyzed with qualitative and quantitative methods, involving GIS, word clouds, and statistics to allow characterization of community concerns. While air quality and health were seen as important, people closest to SBR were mostly concerned about immediate/tangible issues: police, security, law enforcement; street lighting and repair; and trees and greenery. Several emerging themes differed by the language preference in which the survey was conducted, (p<0.05) including more English speakers expressing concerns over need for activities for children, addressing crime and violence, jobs, and traffic. Spanish speakers expressed concerns over security, cleaner neighborhoods, environmental issues including pollution, and need for street lighting and repairs. Comprehensive efforts to promote health and well-being for residents of this community need to utilize a variety of data to more effectively reflect needs.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education

Learning Objectives:
Discuss the perceived needs of an environmental justice community. Identify the differences in such needs between Spanish- and English-speaking community members.

Keyword(s): Environmental Justice, Community

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content I am responsible for because I am a Professor and Director for Research BHI at LLU and one of the co-PIs of the AQMD funded air quality CBPR research study we are submitting the abstract about. I am also actively involved in several other NIH and CDC funded community based research studies involving the same target population, low income Latinos.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.