Online Program

Family environment and adolescent girls' alcohol use: The influence of maternal HIV

Monday, November 4, 2013 : 5:30 p.m. - 5:50 p.m.

Erick G. Guerrero, PhD, School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
Julie A. Cederbaum, PhD, MSW, MPH, School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
Anamika Barman, Doctoral Student, School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
Family environment, social influence, and individual characteristics are all factors associated with adolescent alcohol use. This study examined specific family factors associated with alcohol use among racial minority adolescent daughters of HIV-positive mothers living in selected inner cities in the United States. A nonprobability sample of 176 mothers (37% HIV-positive and 63% HIV-negative) and their 14- to 18-year-old daughters completed self-administered surveys. Hierarchical multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine these mother-daughter data. Within the full sample, maternal report of importance of religion was negatively associated with alcohol use among daughters. Further analysis of samples separated by maternal HIV status revealed that daughter's age and depression rate and mother's alcohol use were only associated with higher odds of alcohol use among daughters in households with HIV-positive mothers. These preliminary findings highlight the fragility of racial minority female adolescents living in HIV-positive households. Methodologically, findings indicate the importance of conducting separate analyses within HIV-status to avoid potentially biased results.

Learning Areas:

Advocacy for health and health education
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
List three risk factors associated with minority adolescent girls' alcohol use. Discuss family contextual factors that prevent minority adolescent girls from using alcohol. Differentiate between HIV-positive and HIV-negative households and their associated risk for minority adolescent girls to use alcohol.

Keyword(s): HIV/AIDS, Alcohol Use

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have my PhD and MSW/MPH and work at the University of Southern California. I am qualified to be an abstract author because I collected the research data, helped to conceptualize analyses, and am the primary author for the publication of these research results.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.