Online Program

Effects of a community-based physical activity program in older adults: Analysis of Longitudinal Data from healthy aging regional collaborative, south Florida

Tuesday, November 5, 2013 : 8:42 a.m. - 8:54 a.m.

Anamika Batra, BDS, MPH, Ph.D., Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, FIU Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Miami, FL
Laura R. Seff, MBA, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, FIU Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Miami, FL
Richard Palmer, DrPH, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, FIU Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Miami, FL
Introduction: Physical activity in older adults is associated with many health benefits. Analyzing physical activity changes over time among participants in evidence-based exercise program can allow researchers to determine the minimum number of sessions required to drive health benefits.

Methods: 3,512 older adults attended Enhance Fitness (EF) sessions in South Florida between October 1, 2008 and December 31, 2011. Functional Fitness Check (FFC) determined strength (arm curls and chair stands in 30 seconds) and functional mobility (seconds to complete one eight-foot up-and-go circuit) of participants. Approximately 405 participants completed FFCs at five time points (Baseline, 4 months, 8 months, 12 months, and 16 months). Data from these participants is analyzed to determine change over time.

Results: Change in FFCs over time is determined using repeated measures ANOVA. Data were evaluated for outliers and were analyzed both with and without outliers. The result showed a significant difference in number of chair stands, arm curls and time taken to complete one circuit at five time points (F(3.40,366)=45.02, p<0.01;F(3.61,389)=42.99, p<0.01 and F(3.57,356)=16.47, p<0.01 respectively). Significant Bonferroni post-hoc test further confirmed improvement in FFCs from baseline to 16 months. The partial eta-squared was of large size for chair stand and arm curl (η2=.158 and η2=.152 respectively); however for up-and-go it was low (η2=.054). Analyses with outliers also revealed significant changes in all outcome variables.

Conclusion: Older adults showed positive change over time in FFCs. Further analysis of change with specific number of sessions is required to determine minimum sessions required for positive outcomes.

Learning Areas:

Chronic disease management and prevention
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Assess changes in physical activity levels over time Evaluate the effectiveness of Enhance Fitness program for older adults in South Florida

Keyword(s): Physical Activity, Aging

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a doctoral student in the Department of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention at Florida International University. I am working on this project from three-years. My research interests include healthcare and quality of life for older adults, specifically focusing on program implementation and evaluation aspects of translating evidence-based programs in community-based settings.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.