Hepatitis b knowledge and perception of stigma
Methods: Seminars were conducted between November 2011 and May 2012, in three languages: English, Mandarin Chinese, and Indonesian. Participants were asked to complete the same questionnaire prior to and following participation in the seminar to allow for a measure of change in knowledge, awareness, and stigma-beliefs. In-language questionnaires were made available to participants. Differences in knowledge scores pre/post seminar were compared and then analyzed by paired t-test.
Results: Baseline knowledge of HBV transmission and prevention varied at baseline with 53-78% of questions correctly answered. About half of participants indicated that people with HBV are likely to be avoided. Post-seminar, correct knowledge of HBV constructs improved approximately 20%. However, the belief that HBV is a genetic condition did not generally change post-seminar. Overall awareness improved regarding HBV resources, as did participant comfort level talking about HBV infection with friends and providers.
Discussion: HBV is life-threatening and disproportionately affects APIs, however, knowledge remains low and HBV-related stigma plays a role in low screening and vaccination rates. Culturally competent community-based education (content to be shared) can improve awareness and knowledge, and can help link people to resources. Strategies in addition to the impartation of accurate knowledge may help facilitate an individual's uptake of prevention behaviors.
Learning Areas:Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Discuss stigma as a barrier and methods to overcome such stigma in the Asian American community. Evaluate specific knowledge and awareness topics for hepatitis B awareness programs.
Keyword(s): Hepatitis B, Asian and Pacific Islander
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been providing hepatitis B health education in the Philadelphia immigrant communities since 2011 and was involved with this project from the designing of questionnaires to data collection, and eventually data analysis.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.