Online Program

Nutritional attitudes of homosexual people living with human immunodeficiency virus in chongqing, Southwest China: A cross-sectional study

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Yong Zhao, Health Promotion and Education, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
Manoj Sharma, PhD, Health Promotion & Education, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
Rui Ma, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China
Haiping Xia, Zhenjiang, China
Xianbin Ding, Chongqing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chongqing, China
Background: The objective of this study was to enhance understanding of nutritional knowledge attitudes and behaviors of homosexual persons living with HIV. Methods: A cross sectional design using a valid and reliable survey was used. The survey was completed from August to September, 2011 in Chongqing which is a developing area in Southwest China (n=172). In addition an idepth interview was conducted with seven participants. Results: The knowledge of nutrition in the participants was very poor regarding sources of nutrients such as calcium and iron, relationships between diet/nutrients and disease, and only 36.05% participations knew about Chinese balanced diet pagoda. Their eating habits did not meet the health requirements and more than half of the persons (59.30%) did not have breakfast every day. The average correct score on the knowledge quiz was 51.79%, but most of them were eager to obtain the nutritional knowledge not only using traditional but also modern methods. Conclusions: According to the above investigation, the surveyed subpopulation had relatively poor nutrition K-A-B. Extra efforts and targeted education programs aimed to improve their nutrition K-A-B are needed. Various editions and conveying forms of education projects should be presented.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Advocacy for health and health education
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Evaluate nutritional knowledge attitudes and behaviors of homosexual persons living with HIV. Formulate the design of an effective nutritional manual for homosexual carriers.

Keyword(s): HIV/AIDS, Health Education

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal or co-principal of multiple funded grants focusing on the epidemiology of HIV prevention and nutrition education. Among my scientific interests has been the development of strategies for preventing HIV and STDs in health education.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.