Online Program

Smart-phone interventions for long-term health management of patients with chronic illness: A content analysis

Wednesday, November 6, 2013

Jingting Wang, School of Nursing, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China
Chunlan Wei, Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Yuanyuan Wang, Shanghai, China
Changrong Yuan, Professor, PhD, Second Military Medical University (SMMU), School of Nursing, Shanghai, China
Avery Yuan, Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, Suffolk University, Quincy, MA
Objective: The long-term health management is particularly challenging for patients with chronic illness. Adjuvant smart-phone interventions, helping the heath management of patients with chronic illness, therefore, are a promising strategy of long-term treatment for chronic illness. Assuming that different smart-phone interventions were involved in the previous literatures, this review summarizes all aspects of smart-phone applications (apps) so as to provide a general picture in this regards. Methods: Electronic searches were conducted in seven databases. Studies were included only if they were exclusively designed for patients with chronic illness, the intervention is a smart-phone app and incorporated a defined outcome measurement to evaluate the effects of the implemented intervention. Results: Seven studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria, including the studies of chemotherapy-associated side-effects, COPD, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, overweight, breast cancer, and depression. Clinical trials performed in all the studies find that the smart-phone app was completely or at least partially effective in managing the chronic disease it focused on through knowledge improvement, closer participation, professional support attained and et,al. Conclusion: The findings from literature review showed that a promising health-related smart-phone apps intervention involved the consideration of the target population, the training of the intervention providers, the outcome evaluation, the technique support and the comprehensive protocol design specially based on individual needs. Further future studies need to be done in the above regards.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Chronic disease management and prevention
Other professions or practice related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Analyze all aspects of existed smart-phone applications (apps) interventions for long-term health management of patients with chromic illness based on literature review so as to provide a general picture in this regards. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different smart-phone interventions involved in the previous literatures so as to provide recommendation for future design.

Keyword(s): Chronic Diseases, Information Technology

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content I am responsible for because I am interested in this research area and joined this research team for a long time to provide some data collection and written revision. And because of the schedule conflict of the mentor auther in this paper, I am very much happy to do the presentation as one of the Co-author.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.