Online Program

Fatal injuries inequalities: A production sector analysis

Sunday, November 3, 2013

José Luis Navarro Espigares, PhD, Prof, Mgr, Economic Department, University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain
José Aureliano Martín Segura Sr., PhD, Prof, Department of Management, Granada University, Ceuta, Spain
Paul Landsbergis, PhD, MPH, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, SUNY-Downstate School of Public Health, Brooklyn, NY
Introduction: The growth of the service sector is a prevalent characteristic in advanced economies. Some recent publications point out the increasing relevance of injuries and occupational illnesses in the service sector in Europe. Objective: To analyze the evolution of fatal occupational injuries in the US at a state level. To also study the inequalities among between different states and production sectors as well as the possible convergence of these figures. Methods: The geographical scope of this work covers all US states during the period 2003 through 2010. The selection of this time period is due to the homogeneity of statistical methods in the two main databases utilized– the Current Employment Statistics and the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, both from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Apart from the descriptive analysis, we use two well-known analytical instruments, in particular, beta and sigma convergence indicators. Results: Aggregate data show a great variability in fatal occupational injuries among states. However, these inequalities become greater when results are broken down by production sectors. While the service sector has a convergent trend for the studied period, goods production shows a divergent trend among states. Conclusions: The growing rate of occupational illnesses and injuries observed in the European service sector was not corroborated for fatal occupational injuries in the US. The US rate maintained a fairly stable value in all production sectors for the last eight years, but large differences between states were observed. These differences were lessening over time in the service sector.

Learning Areas:

Occupational health and safety

Learning Objectives:
Analyze differences in production sectors Identify geographical disparities Discuss convergent or divergent sectors' behavior

Keyword(s): Occupational Injury and Death, Occupational Safety

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am associated professor at the University of Granada (Spain) and I also work as a financial manager in one of the largest public hospital in Spain.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.