Seeking health care in Mexico and latin america: Closing the access gap for u.s. hispanic immigrants
Maria De Jesus, PhD
, School of International Service and Center for Health, Risk, and Society, American University, Washington, D.C., DC
This study examines predictors of health care service utilization in Mexico or any other country in Latin America among U.S. Hispanic immigrant population using data from the 2007 Pew Hispanic Healthcare Survey, a nationally representative survey of 4,013 Hispanic adults. Adopting the Behavioral Model of Health Service Use (BMHSU) model, we examine three levels of predictive factors: (1) predisposing characteristics (e.g., language proficiency), (2) enabling resources (e.g., health insurance status), and (3) need (e.g., self-perceived health status). Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to predict odds of seeking health care services in Mexico or any other country in Latin America. As hypothesized, lack of continuous health insurance coverage, perceived lack of quality health care, and low English proficiency increased the likelihood of seeking health care in Mexico or any other Latin American country among U.S. Hispanic adults. Self-reported health status and usual source of care, however, were not significant predictors. Hispanic immigrants face critical access gaps to health care in the U.S. Implications for closing the access gap for this population are discussed within the context of health care system reform and immigration reform in the U.S.
Provision of health care to the public
Identify the predictors of health care service utilization in Mexico or any other country in Latin America among U.S. Hispanic immigrants.
Describe implications of closing the access gap for this population within the context of health care system reform and immigration reform in the U.S.
Keyword(s): Access to Health Care, Hispanic
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have authored several papers on health and health care issues with diverse ethnic/racial groups, including Hispanic immigrants.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.