Impacts of the fresh fruit and vegetable program on the school environment
Wednesday, November 6, 2013
: 11:10 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.
, Social and Economic Policy, Abt Associates Inc., Cambridge, MA
Karen Webb, PhD, MPH
, Atkins Center for Weight and Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
Introduction: Under-consumption of fruits and vegetables is common among children, particularly those from lower-income households. To address this concern, the USDA Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) distributes free fruits and vegetable snacks outside school mealtimes in schools with high proportions of low-income students. FFVP aims to increase student intake of fruits and vegetables while helping children learn more healthful eating habits. An important goal of the FFVP is to create a healthier school environment. Methods: We conducted a rigorous evaluation of the FFVP, using a regression discontinuity design in which schools were ranked by the percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price meals (the primary criteria for selecting schools to participate in FFVP). This school-level impact analysis focused on 214 schools in 16 states that were within 2.5% of the state cutoff for receiving FFVP funds. Linear probability and regression models tested the impact of FFVP on the school environment, including nutrition education, availability of competitive foods, and differences in school meals. Results: Results will describe impacts of the FFVP on the school environment. In particular, we will report estimates of effects of FFVP on nutrition education and promotion activities, on school meals served, on fruits and vegetables taken by students as part of the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program, and on foods sold at school outside school meals. Discussion: Discussion will focus on whether and how the FFVP may indirectly increase student fruit and vegetable consumption and combat childhood obesity by changing the school environment.
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research
Describe the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program.
Explain the impact of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program on the school environment.
Keyword(s): Nutrition, School-Based Programs
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I conducted the analyses and wrote the section of the report that is represented in this submission.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.