Online Program

Measurement equivalence of the (CES-D) scale for hispanic and Asian immigrants

Monday, November 4, 2013

Haenim Lee, Graduate School of Social Work, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA
Rocio Calvo, Graduate School of Social Work, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA
Purpose: Depression is a fundamental construct of psychological adjustment among adolescents. Particularly, the CES-D scale has been widely used for diverse ethnic groups to assess their current levels of depression symptoms. However, there have been few studies examining the structure of the CES-D within an ethnic group by nativity among adolescents. Therefore, we examine the measurement equivalence of the CES-D scale between foreign- and native-born adolescents for both Hispanic and Asian groups.

Method: The data came from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (add health). The analytic sample of this study included 5,274 Hispanic and Asian adolescents from the 1996 in-home survey (Wave 2). Nineteen questions regarding specific depression symptoms were employed to evaluate the equivalence of the modified version of the CES-D. Our analytical strategic consisted of three parts: 1) Internal Consistency Analysis, 2) within-group Confirmatory Factor Analysis, and 3) multi-group Confirmatory Factor Analysis.

Results: The results of the internal consistency analyses showed that the CES-D nineteen items had acceptable reliability between foreign- and native-born adolescents for both Hispanic and Asian. Second, the four-factor CFA models for the CES-D nineteen items appeared to fit for each groups. Third, the multi-group CFA models showed the equivalence of the measurement properties (i.e., factor pattern, factor loading, measurement error, and factor variance/covariance) between both groups.

Conclusion: Our findings showed that the indicators of the CES-D scale are equivalent between foreign- and native-born adolescents for both groups. Therefore, the CES-D is applicable to foreign- and native-born adolescents from the Add-Health study.

Learning Areas:

Diversity and culture
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Analyze the equivalence of the measurement properties of the CES-D scale between foreign-born and native born adolescents for both Asian and Hispanic groups.

Keyword(s): Adolescents, Depression

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been exposed to various research experiences. I worked as a research assistant in the research centers (the Global Health Research Center of Central Asia (GHRCCA), the Social Intervention Group (SIG), and Sloan Center). These experiences have provided me with a precious opportunity to understand how my research are designed, operated, and analyzed.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.