Online Program

Informal economy and the rise of sexual health risks for Latino bisexual men

Tuesday, November 5, 2013 : 12:45 p.m. - 1:00 p.m.

Nicolette Severson, MA, School of Social Work, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, PA
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, DrPH, School of Social Work, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, a number of studies have documented the impacts of global transformations and economic restructuring of the labor force on changing labor conditions and the creation of HIV/STI vulnerabilities. Yet, the impacts of these factors have rarely been examined or addressed among sexual and ethnic minorities. This presentation will compare the HIV/STI risks between participants in the informal and formal economies for a sample of bisexual Latino men in New York City. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey and open-ended interviews with bisexually active Latino men (n=148, ages 18 to 45) recruited using social network referrals. The strategies for this analysis were: bivariate and multivariate linear and logistic regression modeling and case study analysis. RESULTS: We found that: 1) those working in manual labor (informal economy) had higher frequency of unprotected anal sex in the past 2 months than those working in other industries (F = 4.45, p = .037); 2) men in the hospitality industry (mixed informal and formal economy) were almost three times more likely to engage in unprotected vaginal intercourse and drinking alcohol in the past 2 months (X = 5.03, p = .041); and had a significantly high frequency of concurrent female sexual partners (i.e., one-night stands with women while maintaining a steady relationship) (F = 6.05, p = .015). In this presentation we include 2 qualitative case studies to illustrate these associations. CONCLUSIONS: Prevention efforts need to be tailored towards the occupations of bisexual Latino men given their differential exposures to HIV/STI risks.

Learning Areas:

Diversity and culture
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the role of the type of participation in the labor force as a factor leading to HIV/STI risk Compare the types of sexual health risks by occupation of Latino bisexual men

Keyword(s): Bisexual, Minorities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Organization/institution whose products or services will be discussed: None

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract author on the the content I am responsible for because I work closely with Dr Munoz-Laboy reviewing and analyzing the data.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

Back to: 4226.0: HIV and Latino communities