Online Program

Community-based participatory research: A framework for a quality parenting curriculum

Monday, November 4, 2013

Martha Okafor, PhD, MPA, The Satcher Health Leadership Institute Division of Behavioral Health, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
Robina Josiah Willock, MPH, PhD, Department of Community Health and Preventative Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
Aneeqah S Ferguson, MS, Satcher Health Leadership Institute, Division of Behavioral Health, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
David Satcher, MD, PhD, Satcher Health Leadership Institute, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
Robert M. Mayberry, PhD, MS, MPH, R-CENTER Study Design, Biostatistics and Data Management Core, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
BACKGROUND: The quality of the parent-child relationship is a strong pre-determinant of childhood outcomes. The Neighborhood Healthy Child Development project is a successful community-academic partnership conceptualized in response to significant disparities in mental health and emotional well-being among children ages 0-5 who live in poverty. Mitigating these disparities holds significant potential to improve their school readiness and improve aptitude for later adult competencies. METHODS: A diverse cross-section of community stakeholders worked collaboratively with academic researchers at each phase of the research process, to address mental health disparities among children from neighborhoods characterized by high rates of poverty, crime, unemployment, low educational attainment, mental health concerns and other factors. CBPR methodology was used to implement a three-dimensional community-driven assessment of how best to maximize community capacity to address the risk factors of poor school readiness among children ages 0-5. The community stakeholders participated in: parent/early care provider listening sessions; community education and awareness; and clinical provider engagement and education. RESULTS: It was collectively determined that one impactful best-practice approach for eliminating disparities in mental health, emotional well-being and school readiness in early childhood is through investment in quality parenting. Participating parents contributed extensively to designing, testing and piloting a sustainable, culturally appropriate, curriculum-based intervention for peer-to-peer parenting. The curriculum will be used to enhance community capacity, develop parent leaders and empower parents to transform their local community parenting culture by disseminating culturally appropriate, evidence-based information about developmentally appropriate parenting tools and skills critical for early childhood development and mental health.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Program planning
Social and behavioral sciences
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Describe a three-dimensional strategy for community engagement to address significant disparities in child mental health. Explain the use of a CBPR approach in a community-academic research partnership.

Keyword(s): Adult and Child Mental Health, African American

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I’m a Principal Investigator [PI] on two National Institute of Health scientific research and several federally-funded community-based participatory studies including the Neighborhood Child Development study on parenting behaviors and attitudes; the SAMHSA-funded Smart & Secure Children Parent Leadership Training Pilot; and the Atlanta Promised Neighborhood Qualitative Assessment. I am an Assistant Prof in Community Health & Preventive Medicine, GA State Deputy Health Officer & directed 32 community-based public health programs in both Georgia and Connecticut.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.