Residential mobility in the perinatal period among a statewide representative sample of women, 2003 – 2007
Methods: Our sample included 18,273 California women from the 2003-2007 Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA) linked to birth records. We examined the prevalence of self-reported moving during pregnancy and in the first 2-7 months post-partum by maternal demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. We then categorized neighborhood SES using a principal components analysis index and examined whether mobile women moved within their neighborhood or to neighborhoods of similar, lower, or higher SES.
Results: Mothers who were young (<21 years), unmarried, non-Hispanic black or US-born Latina, or without a college education had the highest prevalence of perinatal residential mobility. Most movers (86%) stayed within their neighborhood; 7.5% moved to a neighborhood of similar SES, 3.9% moved to a higher SES neighborhood, and 2.8% moved to a lower SES neighborhood.
Conclusions: Residential mobility in the perinatal period occurs primarily within neighborhood or between neighborhoods of similar SES; birth records, MIHA, or PRAMs may therefore be adequate for assessing neighborhood SES. However, there is also evidence of strong race/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in residential mobility during this important time period.
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe the residential mobility patterns of women in the perinatal period.
Keyword(s): Geocoding, Birth Outcomes
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have a PhD in epidemiology and have been studying neighborhoods and birth outcomes for five years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.