Healthy homes: In-home environmental asthma intervention in a diverse urban community
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
: 4:50 p.m. - 5:10 p.m.
The WHO estimates 235 million people suffer from asthma, the most common childhood chronic disease. Housing is a significant public health issue and improvements in housing conditions have potential for primary prevention, as children spend considerable time in the home. This proposed presentation describes an intervention research partnership between the University of Massachusetts Lowell and several key community-based organizations. We attempted to address the difficulty in reaching diverse low-income families with asthmatic children through effective healthy homes messages/interventions. Our project aimed to demonstrate how 160 interventions with diverse families improve the health of asthmatic children. Methods: We conducted interventions in homes of diverse, low-income families with at least one doctor diagnosed asthmatic child, 14 or under. The two largest populations included Hispanics (53%) and Asians (15%). Health and environmental assessments included survey questionnaires, visual observations, dust sampling and air flow measures for exhaust ventilation. Interventions included healthy homes education, green cleaning alternatives, HEPA vacuums, mattress/pillow covers, commercial cleaning of homes, integrated pest management (IPM), installation/repair of exhaust fans. Major analysis included health effects on wheeze, asthma attacks, doctor and ER visits and hospitalizations and asthma scale assessment on physical health, physical activity child, physical activity family, emotional health child, emotional health family. Two sample and paired methods were used to calculate change in these measures from pre-intervention to post-intervention. Results: ER visits decreased by 81%; asthma attacks decreased by 76%; episodes of wheezing decreased by 66%; doctor's office visits decreased by 65%. Asthma scales scores increased: 23% (Physical Health); 20% (Emotional Health Child); 10% (Emotional Health Family). Both parametric and nonparametric methods all found significant improvements in the pre to post intervention measures of these health and asthma indicators. Conclusions: Findings suggest that culturally/linguistically appropriate multidimensional homes interventions of diverse low-income families will improve health outcome for asthmatic children.
Chronic disease management and prevention
Diversity and culture
Environmental health sciences
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Identify asthma triggers for asthmatic children and safety hazards for children that are found in homes.
Design effective asthma intervention and evaluate the effectiveness of asthma interventions in the homes of diverse low-income families with asthmatic children
Explain how residents can control and mitigate asthma triggers
Keyword(s): Asthma, Children's Health
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal investigator or co-prinicpal investigator on several federal grants focusing on environmental health and healthy homes. Among my scientific interests has been developing and implementing intentions in the homes of low-income asthmatic children.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.