Legal and regulatory approaches to reduce melanoma from indoor tanning
Legal approaches to address tanning salon practices include state and local legislative efforts to restrict tanning to minors or require parental consent.
Federal approaches have focused around how the US Food and Drug Administrations classifies the UV-emitting lamps as medical devices. Currently they are classified as Class I devices, sharing that designation with other low-risk devices such as tongue depressors. In addition, the trade associate of tanning salons, the Indoor Tanning Association, is subject to a consent decree to cease from communicating health claims subsequent to a complaint from the Federal Trade Commission. In late 2012, a new trade association was created to communicate the alleged health benefits of indoor tanning, the American Suntanning Association.
Another state law approach involves consumer protection law. State attorneys general may take action under their consumer protection authority, as has the attorney general of Texas in an action involving allegedly deceptive health claims used in marketing materials by a salon chain in Texas.
Finally, individual or class action litigation focusing on private state consumer protection law claims may create liability for salon operators.
Learning Areas:Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Explain indoor tanning industry practices amenable to legal interventions. Compare legislative, regulatory, and litigation-based approaches.
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am an attorney and have conducted the consumer protection and other relevant legal and policy research with my co-author with funding through Northeastern University.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.