Developing county-level estimates of racial disparities in obesity using multilevel reweighted regression
Wednesday, November 6, 2013
Background: The agenda to reduce racial health disparities has been set primarily at the national and state levels. These levels may be too far removed from the individual level where health outcomes are realized. This disconnect may be slowing the progress made in reducing these disparities. We use a small area analysis technique to fill the void for county-level disparities data. Methods:Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data is used to estimate the prevalence of obesity by county among Non-Hispanic Whites and Non-Hispanic Blacks. A modified weighting system was developed based on demographics at the county level. A multilevel reweighted regression model is fit to obtain county-level prevalence estimates by race. To examine whether racial disparities exist at the county level, these rates are compared using risk difference and rate ratio. Results: Gulf County, Florida was ranked as having the largest disparity in absolute terms (risk difference). New York County, New York was ranked as having the largest disparity in relative terms (risk ratio). Based on the average risk difference, the top five states with the largest average disparity were: Oklahoma, Kentucky, Ohio, Washington D.C., and Kansas. The top five states with the largest average relative disparity were: Washington D.C., Massachusetts, Colorado, Kentucky, and New York. Conclusions: Addressing disparities based on factors such as race/ethnicity, geographic location, and socioeconomic status is a current public health priority. This study takes a first step in developing the statistical infrastructure needed to target disparities interventions and resources to the local areas with greatest need.
Public health or related research
Assess racial disparities in obesity using multilevel reweighted regression models for small-area analysis.
Identify the existence of racial disparities in obesity by county.
Keyword(s): Biostatistics, Obesity
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been working with Dr. Goodman as a research assistant analyzing racial health disparities, specifically using small area analysis techniques. I am a student currently seeking a M.S. degree in biostatistics.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.