Associations between lifetime experiences of discrimination and lifetime suicide attempts among a cross-sectional sample of adult Latino males: Findings from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions (NESARC)
METHODS: The study included Latino male participants in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) follow-up study conducted between 2004-2005. Racial discrimination was assessed by an experiences of discrimination (EOD) scale, which asked participants about their lifetime experiences of discrimination prior to the past year. Lifetime suicide attempts were measured via self-report. Logistic regression was used to test for associations between race-based discrimination and suicide attempts.
RESULTS: Of the 2,618 Latino male NESARC participants, 69 reported having ever attempted suicide. Higher scores on EOD were associated with a significantly higher odds of suicide (OR: 1.14, 95% CI: 1.12-1.17); this association was unchanged after adjusting for participants' history of major depression diagnosis (OR=1.12, 95% CI: 1.10-1.15). In standard deviation units, a 1-SD difference in experiences of racial discrimination was associated with a 2.78 times higher odds of attempting suicide.
CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that experiences of racial discrimination are an important predictor of suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of Latino men. This work helps characterize the association between racial discrimination and suicide among Latino men, and will inform future research aimed at creating prevention strategies.
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe the association between lifetime experiences of racial discrimination and attempted suicide in a nationally representative sample of Latino men
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a doctoral student at the Harvard School of Public Health in the department of Social and Behavioral Sciences. I was mentored by Dr. Stephen Gilman, a recognized expert in the field of epidemiology with a focus on mental health. My research interests include maternal and child health, Latin American immigrant health disparities, and stress research both domestically and internationally
Any relevant financial relationships? No
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