Differences in psychosocial and behavioral characteristics between normal weight and overweight/obese children
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare psychosocial and behavioral characteristics between normal weight and overweight/obese children in South Korea. Methods: A non-experimental, cross-sectional study design was used. A total of 398 elementary school children were recruited from four elementary schools. The instruments included questions on sleep duration, stress perception, perceived health, eating habits, stages of change, exercise self-efficacy, pros and cons of exercise, and screen time (time spent on viewing TV/video, using computers, and playing video games). Questions on parental characteristics such as education levels, and mother's employment status were also included. The body mass index (BMI= kg/m2) was calculated based on the data of self-reported height and weight. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, chi-square tests, and logistic regression analysis. Results: The mean age of the students was 10.08 (SD=0.52) years, girls constituted 51.4%, and over 17 % of children were overweight or obese (≥ 85% BMI-for-age). Normal weight children showed better eating habits compared to overweight/obese children (p<.05). There were significant differences in the screen time and stage of change in exercise behavior between the two groups (p<.05). Perceived health (OR=0.413, 95% CI=0.246 ¨C 0.694), pros of exercise (OR=2.366, 95% CI=1.318 ¨C 4.246), and the education level of fathers (≥12 years; OR=3.124, 95%, CI=1.000 ¨C 9.758) were significantly associated with the children's BMI category as overweight or obese. Conclusions: School nurses need to help children obtain skills needed for adopting healthier behaviors through school health education and health promotion programs.
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Advocacy for health and health education
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Compare behavioral and psychosocial characteristics between normal weight and overweight/obese children.
Describe five stages of change in exercise behavior and how these stages are associated with pros and cons of exercise and self-efficacy in general.
Discuss strategies to increase exercise and to decrease the screen time among overweight and obese children.
Keyword(s): Obesity, Exercise
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a pricipal investigator of the government funded research project on obesity control for Korean children.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.