Online Program

California women knowledge, use, and barriers to the use of human papillomavirus vaccine, 2011

Sunday, November 3, 2013

Patricia Lee, PhD, Office of The Medical Director, Department of Health Care Services, Sacramento, CA
Background: The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer. About six million people in the United States (US) are newly infected with HPV each year. An HPV vaccine that would protect against the main types of HPV associated with cervical cancer was approved for males and females ages 9-26. However, less than a third of the U.S. population has heard of HPV with even lower awareness among young women. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine California women's awareness, use, and barriers to the HPV vaccine. Method: Women ages 18 and older throughout California completed a telephone health survey. Differences between groups were evaluated using Chi Square statistics. Results: About 81% of women, ages 18-26, reported being aware of HPV vaccines. Women, who were aware of HPV vaccines, were more likely to have insurance and higher income. Of women who knew of HPV vaccines, 31.5% reported having obtained at least one vaccination in 2011 higher than in 2009 (25.0%) and in 2007 (8.6%). The top three barriers to HPV vaccine use were: safety concerns (27.5%), lack of need for vaccine (27.4%), and doctor did not recommend vaccine (27.3%). Conclusion: Although young women reported high awareness of HPV vaccines, low-income and uninsured women reported lower levels of awareness. Even with higher rates of HPV vaccination in 2011 there continues to be a need for educational materials on HPV and HPV vaccination, containing information that addresses potential barriers to vaccination to improve awareness and vaccine coverage.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related education
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss women’s knowledge of HPV and HPV vaccines List barriers related to women’s obtaining HPV vaccines

Keyword(s): Women's Health, Reproductive Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have co-chaired the multi-disciplinary interdepartmental California Women’s Health Survey (CWHS) group and coordinated publications using data from the survey. I conduct scientific epidemiological study, including the development of research questions, statistical methods, data analyses, and conclusions. Using scientific analysis of survey data, I identify and assess the distribution of key indicators of health status and risk factors among California women, and evaluate access to appropriate health care services, and outcomes of specific interventions.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.