Online Program

“by seeing with our own eyes, it can remain in our mind.”: Evidence of participatory video's ability to reduce gender-based violence in conflict-affected settings

Tuesday, November 5, 2013 : 1:15 p.m. - 1:30 p.m.

Tilly Gurman, DrPH, MPH, Department of Global Health, The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, DC
Regan Trappler, RN, MPH, Department of Global Health, The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, DC
Angela Acosta, MSPH, Center for Communication Programs, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
Chelsea Cooper, MHS, Jhpiego, Baltimore, MD
Lauren Goodsmith, MPH, Open Society Institute-Baltimore, Baltimore, MD
Background: Although gender-based violence (GBV) exists worldwide, it is especially pervasive and challenging in conflict-affected settings. The breakdown of the family unit, high population density, and lack of community safeguards pose obstacles to implementation of GBV prevention programs. Unfortunately, little evidence exists regarding effective GBV prevention interventions in these settings. Through Our Eyes (TOE), a multi-year participatory video project, addressed GBV by stimulating community dialogue and action in humanitarian settings in South Sudan, Uganda, Thailand, Liberia and Rwanda. The current qualitative analysis of TOE evaluation data fills the gap in evidence-based research. Methods: Data encompassed transcripts from focus group discussions with 125 individuals and key informant interviews with 76 individuals. Study participants ranged from individuals who created the videos to those who attended video screenings. Data was coded using ATLAS.ti 6 software and analyzed using a Grounded Theory approach. Results: Study findings revealed that TOE contributed to a growing awareness of women's rights and gender equity. Furthermore, both men and women reported attitudinal and behavioral changes related to topics such as intimate partner violence. The fostered community dialogue helped de-stigmatize GBV and encourage survivors to access services. Conclusions: Participatory video has the ability to tailor messages to specific community needs, engage men as key players, foster community dialogue, and initiate social change related to GBV in a variety of conflict-affected settings. As a result, public health professionals should employ participatory video as an innovative technique to address GBV and promote positive gender norms within conflict-affected and other humanitarian settings.

Learning Areas:

Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the unique context of conflict-affected settings relative to developing and implementing programs aiming to reduce gender-based violence (GBV) Discuss the ways in which participatory video serve as an effective strategy for addressing GBV in conflict-affected settings Identify at least two implications for GBV prevention programming in conflict-affected and other humanitarian settings

Keyword(s): Health Communications, Refugees

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a registered nurse and public health professional with a Master of Public Health in Global Health Communication. For this current research study, I collaborated with the Principal Investigator and analyzed the qualitative dataset associated with the Through Our Eyes project. My public health thesis focused on this project and the study of gender-based violence amongst refugees and internally displaced persons. Moreover, I have a clinical background in women’s and children's health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.