Effect of zumba: The psychosocial implications of a culturally tailored physical activity on Latina women's self-esteem
Methods: A pre-experimental, pretest-posttest design was used to evaluate the impact of Zumba on participants' self-esteem. A purposive sample of 43 Spanish-speaking Latinas residing in Santa Clara County California (mean age = 36) who reported low self-esteem and/or self-image, and/or reported a sedentary lifestyle or engaged in less than 30 minutes of physical activity per week were recruited. Participants attended 60 minute Zumba sessions for 16 weeks at a CBO location. The 1965 Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES) was used to evaluate self-esteem before and after the 16 week Zumba intervention.
Results: The Rosenberg SES showed a statistically significant (p < .001) increase in participants' mean self-esteem score from pre-test to post-test at 16 weeks. The majority of women (93%) attended more than the 16 minimum required Zumba sessions. When participants were asked Why Zumba keeps them engaged in physical activity?, six self-esteem related themes emerged 1) Weight loss and physical appearance, 2) effect on overall health, 3) Cultural relevance, 4) Improved dance skills, 5) Convenient location, and 6) Autonomy.
Conclusion: Results from this psychosocial study indicate that availability of a culturally tailored community-based physical activity intervention for low-income Latinas can significantly increase self-esteem. However, sustaining participants' engagement in routine physical activity will require ongoing support from service providers and environmental reinforcement (i.e. health campaigns, etc).
Learning Areas:Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Social and behavioral sciences
Explain the relationship between physical activity and self-esteem. Describe the six themes related to self-esteem that emerged from the study’s content analysis.
Keyword(s): Self-sufficiency and Empowerment, Physical Activity
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: This abstract is based on a research project that I conducted as part of the requirement for my MPH degree.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.