Culturally appropriate measurement of self-reported alcohol consumption in Latinas
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
Recent studies on alcohol consumption of Latinas in the United States have found that members of this population drink at much lower rates than both white women and Latino men. It is possible that strong cultural norms against Latinas drinking has led to the under-reporting of this behavior. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether assessing alcohol consumption in a more culturally appropriate way would increase self-reported drinking in a sample of Latinas living in New York City. The authors hypothesized that these women would report more drinking when asked in a culturally appropriate way and under-report when asked using the word alcohol. Latinas living in NYC over the age of 40 (N=420) were recruited and interviewed about alcohol use. Alcohol consumption was assessed in two ways: first, participants were asked if they drank using culturally appropriate Spanish words. Directly afterward, participants were asked about drinking behavior using the word alcohol. Within this sample, 36.2% of women reported drinking when asked in a culturally appropriate way, but not when the word alcohol was used, suggesting that these participants would not have reported drinking if asked only with the word alcohol. Further analyses revealed that, among women who drank alcohol, older age significantly predicted endorsing culturally appropriate Spanish words for drinking but not alcohol (OR=1.034, p=0.045). This study shows that there is likely under-reporting of drinking among Latinas in surveys that have not used culturally appropriate measures and illuminates the necessity of developing such measures in the future.
Diversity and culture
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Discuss the importance of culturally appropriate measures for research on alcohol consumption in Latinas.
Keyword(s): Latinas, Alcohol Use
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a second year doctoral student involved in this research grant. One of my primary interests is research with Latinos living in the United States and this will likely play a major role in my dissertation work.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.