141st APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

In This section

Evaluating social determinants among HBCU communities, and how the public health programs at the corresponding HBCUs respond

Tuesday, November 5, 2013 : 3:10 PM - 3:30 PM

Timothy Guinn , School of Graduate Studies and Research, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN
Keydron Guinn, PhD , School of Graduate Studies and Research, and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Center for Health Policy, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN
Social determinants can be described as predisposed conditions that affect health. They can be biological (ex. gender), behavioral (ex. smoking), or determined by socioeconomic status (ex. income and neighborhood). Many of our U.S. underserved communities are subject to social determinants that are detrimental towards health. In this study, we aim to identify what social and physical environment factors contribute to the disparaging these communities with public health based academic programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). This research seeks to evaluate which social determinants among the social and physical environment factors, contribute more to the disparities of these communities, and how the public health programs at the corresponding HBCUs respond. This research assesses zip codes, from the U.S. Census Bureau, congruent with HBCUs that offer academic degrees in public health. The U.S. Census Bureau data reveals an abundance of minorities within the selected zip codes. It also shows highly impoverished communities with numerous disparities. We propose that income and poverty level will be the largest contributors among all other social determinants, because these communal disparities are seemingly driven by income and isolated to specific living areas. Through the development of public health at HBCUs, they have fought to eradicate social health issues in the surrounding communities. To what extent are the institutions successful in trying to eradicate these social determinants is unknown at this time, but this research serves as an important foundation for further investigation. It is important that we know where to begin for effective change.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
Identify zip codes from the U.S. Census Bureau that correspond to HBCUs with Public Health programs. Explain which social determinant(s) effect each zip code and its congruent HBCU. Discuss the advent of Public Health, and its parallels with the advent of HBCUs. Compare each zip code and their congruent HBCUs to one another, to determine the most effected by social determinants. Name each HBCU that has an accredited Public Health Program

Keywords: Minorities, Community Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been a student of, and am currently a student of an HBCU. I helped to conduct all research and writing of this project, and am well versed in the information that it provides. Among my scientific interest have been community health, involvement and education.
Any relevant financial relationships? Yes

Name of Organization Clinical/Research Area Type of relationship
Meharry Medical College Public Health Student

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.