Online Program

Recruitment challenges: Finding couples for a qualitative study on unintended pregnancy

Monday, November 4, 2013

Dorothy Brewin, CNM, PhD, School of Health and Environment, Departmernt of Nursing, Universiy of Massachusetts, Lowell, Lowell, MA
Ainat Koren, PhD RN, College of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA
Background: Research on reproductive intentions, including contraceptive use, often relies on the woman's perspective. But clearly, her partner's response must be considered. Couple research provides valuable insight into relationship dynamics and the couple's decision-making process around pregnancy intention. Understanding the couple perspective facilitates the designing of more effective reproductive health interventions. However, engaging diverse couples to discuss sensitive topics is challenging. This poster will assess a variety of successful recruitment activities utilized to engage diverse couple in qualitative interviews.

Methods: Details of recruitment strategies, as well as utility and success will be reported. Recruitment topics include but are not limited to strengthening prior community connections, expanding, couple compensation, targeted use of Craig's List, employing a modified snowball technique and pre-interview check in procedures.

Results: Recruitment strategies helped surpass the goal of 10 couples. Data saturation was achieved after 15 couples were interviewed. Of those couples, 37% were from diverse groups.

Conclusions: Lessons learned were the importance of building on prior professional relationships; respectful prescreening of the couples and the planning the interviews around the couples' needs built trust; and the couples were eager to share their experiences. Although this was a qualitative study, ample inclusion of couples from diverse communities strengthened our results. Our innovative recruitment and engagement of diverse couples is an important step to assuring the design of more effective interventions for reproductive planning.

Learning Areas:

Advocacy for health and health education
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe novel recruitment methods for couples’ research Discuss a successful couple screening tool Explore issues involved in recruitment of diverse populations

Keyword(s): Reproductive Health Research, Challenges and Opportunities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have broad background in women’s health, practicing as a Nurse Midwife for over 35 years. My past and current research uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. My dissertation was quantitative research utilizing a lifecourse framework to assess factors prior to pregnancy that contributed to racial disparities in low birth weight. I was a CoPI on the Massachusetts Midwifery Workforce Study. Recently, I have been a CoPI and PI on several qualitative studies.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.