Immigrant trans Latinas in New York City—resiliencies, vulnerabilities, and health disparities
Methods: These data comes from a mixed-methods study that examined low-income trans/gender-variant people of color who attended transgender support groups at harm reduction programs in New York City. The study was conducted from 2011-12, with a total N=34, in which N=21 were Latina-identified. The qualitative portion was derived from six focus group interviews that were audio-taped and transcribed. The quantitative portion was derived from a survey that was administered at the focus groups.
Results and Discussion: The majority of trans Latinas were immigrants, many from Mexico, and the majority of these immigrants were undocumented. Immigrant trans Latinas had stronger bonds of social support with one another compared to more assimilated trans Latinas. This support was often in the form of thick trust (bonding/sharing) as well as thin trust (information dissemination). Immigrant trans Latinas also experienced familial rejection/social ostracization, economic exclusion, legal/deportation issues, health care exclusion, as well as high risk for victimization. High mental stress, substance use, and HIV infection were prevalent among the immigrant trans Latinas in this study.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Discuss the social support and resiliency factors among immigrant trans Latinas in NYC. Describe the various types of vulnerability factors that immigrant trans Latinas in NYC experienced. Assess how the combination of resiliency and vulnerability factors contributes towards the social determinants of specific health outcomes for immigrant trans Latinas in NYC.
Keyword(s): Immigrants, Hispanic
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have eight years experience working with and I have been involved in four major studies that include Latina transwomen, including studies funded by the NIH, SAMHSA, and the New York State AIDS Institute, and have published 15 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters on Latina transwomen in relation to high HIV risk, mental health, and substance use. I serve on the National Advisory Board at the Center of Excellence for Transgender Health at the UCSF.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.