Implications of emerging trends in healthcare policy and service development for autistic adults and youth
The first trend refers to changes to the clinical diagnostic criteria for autism made by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). The APA plans to publish the fifth edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in May 2013. DSM's fourth edition (DSM-IV) contained five diagnostic categories for autism. These diagnoses included autistic disorder, Asperger's Syndrome, PDD-NOS (pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified), childhood disintegrative disorder, and Rett Syndrome. DSM-5, the fifth edition, shifts to a unified diagnosis in autism spectrum disorder.
The second trend involves the development of new services to improve the community inclusion, self-determination, and quality of life of autistic people. Many states and municipalities developed services specifically for autistic adults and youth. For instance, Pennsylvania created two Medicaid-funded home and community-based service systems for autistic adults. These service systems include the Adult Autism Waiver and the Adult Community Autism Program. Additionally, states and municipalities also changed developmental disability services to improve service provision for autistic people.
The third trend refers to post-secondary transition services for autistic youth. Autistic youth benefit from services that support transition from high school to community living, high education, and employment. This presentation examines emerging innovations in the development of post-secondary transition services for autistic youth.
Learning Areas:Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Public health or related public policy
Describe three emerging trends in healthcare policy and service development and their implications for autistic adults and youth
Keyword(s): Disability Policy, Service Delivery
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I conduct disability research in the area of autism. I have served in several leadership roles related to policy and service development in autism.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.