Addressing stigma through social networks to reduce unmet need for family planning: A conceptual framework
Methods: Formative research was conducted in Mali and Benin to better understand network dynamics and the social context in which couples make FP decisions. Quantitative methods included household census and social network analysis. Qualitative methods included ethnography, participatory community mapping, in-depth interviews, focus groups, and key informant interviews. Additionally, a literature review of theoretical and conceptual stigma frameworks was conducted.
Results: Formative research revealed that perceived disapproval of FP by one's spouse, family, and community members presents formidable barriers to contraceptive uptake. The literature review returned no existing theoretical models of FP-related stigma. Using models from other domains (HIV, abortion, mental health), a new theoretical framework of FP stigma was developed based on our research results and knowledge of unmet need in sub-Saharan Africa. Accompanying evaluation measures were also developed and validated via cognitive interviewing.
Conclusions: Tacit stigma about FP use may represent a key barrier among those with unmet need. Applying a conceptual framework of FP stigma may better elucidate the social processes and context of contraceptive decision-making and ultimately lead to more effective intervention design and outcomes.
Learning Areas:Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health
Explain how stigma may act as a barrier to those with unmet need for family planning (FP) Describe how to apply a conceptual framework of FP stigma to design a program that addresses unmet need for FP Name three indicators that can be used to measure FP stigma
Keyword(s): International Family Planning, Behavioral Research
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the Principle Investigator of this research study, and have twenty-five years of research experience in family planning.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.