Association between social support and quality of life among homebound elderly
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
Homebound elderly adults have high levels of physical and cognitive impairments that may influence their quality of life and social interaction. Using data from a prospective observational study examining long term health outcomes among homebound elderly patients enrolled in either a home-based primary care or long term nursing care program, we examined the association between social support and quality of life. All patients (n=180) were screened for cognitive impairment using the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire. Among 85 patients without cognitive impairment, the Quality of Life-AD and Lubben Social Network Scale were used to measure quality of life and social support, respectively. Average age was 82 years (SD= 10), 72% were female, 36% black, 38% Latino, 44% had less than a high school education, 84% not presently married (unmarried, divorced, or widowed) and 71% had a monthly income of less than $1350. Greater social support was associated with greater quality of life in unadjusted linear regression analysis (β = 0.34, p=0.005). This relationship remained significant after adjusting for age, sex, race /ethnicity, and income (β=0.40, p=0.001). In conclusion, greater social support is associated with improved quality of life in homebound older adults. These findings highlight the importance of supportive social interaction for the homebound elderly. Future research is needed to further specify the complex relationship among social support and quality of life among this population of elderly adults.
Chronic disease management and prevention
Other professions or practice related to public health
Provision of health care to the public
Describe the relationship between social support and quality of care for home bound elderly adults.
Keyword(s): Frail Elderly, Quality of Life
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am project manager for this research study. I have experience in performing data analysis in the areas of physical activity, nutrition, and obesity surveillance, as well as experience in conducting program evaluations using quantitative and qualitative methods. Iâve also participated in several research projects that included the impact of home-based primary healthcare, HIV medication adherence, testing nursing interventions to improve maternal and child outcomes for a high-risk population.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.