Sources of caregiver stress among African-americans
Method: A convenience sample of caregivers (N=110) who provided at least 5 hours of care per week to a relative 55 years old or older, was recruited from community settings in metropolitan areas in northeastern United States. They completed a self-administered questionnaire concerning caregiver stress and its potential determinants.
Results: The average age of the caregivers was 42.5 (SD=15.3) years; 41.8% were employed full-time; 81.8% were females and 34.3% were sole caregivers; primary caregivers (65.1%) provided an average of 36.8 (SD=46.5) hrs. of care per week, The care recipient, on average, was 75.1 (SD=9.7) years old, had moderate functional status (ADL: 4.37 (SD=2.2) and IADL: 4.1 (SD=3.1)) mostly lived (51.8%) lived with a caregiver. The sample experienced low burden/stress (Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (ZCBI), M=22, SD=13.58); positive perceptions of caregiving (Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC): 4.1 (SD=0.7); moderate religiosity: 4.78 (SD=1.55) and moderate family disagreements: 2.28 (SD= 1.13). High scores on CES-D scale (â=0.36**), lower scores on PAC (â=-0.21**), more family disagreements (â=0.37**), and higher religiosity (â=0.27**), were significant predictors of ZCBI in regression analysis. They accounted for 50% of the variance in the ZCBI (Adj R2 .50**). IADLs, ADLs, weekly hours of care, and living with caregiver were not significant predictors.
Conclusion: African American caregivers tend to experience low to moderate caregiver burden. The main contributors to caregiver stress are family disagreements and depression. There is a need to develop interventions that lower caregiver burden among African-Americans.
Learning Areas:Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related education
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe caregiving situations of African American caregivers and to identify factors associated with their caregiver stress.
Keyword(s): Caregivers, Stress
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Any relevant financial relationships? No
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