Youth violence, suicide, and homicide in u.s. urban cities: Changing trends in rates and risk factors
Methods: Secondary data actors were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). NCHS data on homicide, suicide, and firearm deaths as well as YRBSS data on violence, school violence, and suicide measures were assessed.
Results: The overall 5-year average homicide and firearm frequency for UNITY cities decreased between 1999-2003 and 2005-2009, however, the 5-year average homicide rate per 100,000 people increased slightly. For all UNITY cities, the 5-year average suicide frequency and the 5-year average annual suicide rate per 100,000 for 15-24 year olds decreased between 1999-2003 and 2005-2009. In terms of violence risk factors, the majority of cities were below the national average in the number of youth electronically bullied, and those that reportedly carried a weapon. All UNITY cities were below the national average for youth that seriously considered attempting suicide.
Discussion: While all UNITY cities have seen a decrease in suicides and suicidal behavior since the initiative's inception, violence rates and risk factors have only improved for some cities. More research is necessary to understand what city-level factors can help prevent youth violence.
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe current rates of youth homicide, suicide, and firearm violence. List risk factors for youth violence. Discuss how trends have changed in youth violence rates and risk factors in select U.S. cities.
Keyword(s): Homicide, Youth Violence
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: my educational qualifications include an MS in Public Health and a BS in Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics. I am currently working on my PhD in Public Health with minors in Urban Planning and Geography.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.