Anne-Emanuelle Birn, MA, ScD

University of Toronto
Toronto, ON
Canada Email:

Disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a member of the Spirit of 1848 Coordinating Committee and chair of its history subcommittee and have played a central role in organizing the Spirit of 1848's history sessions for many years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.