Post-traumatic stress disorder after super-storm sandy among persons previously exposed to the world trade center disaster on september 11, 2001
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
On October 28-30, 2012, Superstorm Sandy disrupted the lives of thousands of persons and caused extensive property damage in the New York City Metropolitan area. Many of those affected had previously suffered adverse effects from the World Trade Center disaster. We have initiated a post Sandy study of enrollees in the World Trade Center Health Registry cohort who were directly impacted by the storm. In order to assess the re-emergence, amplification, or emergence of post-traumatic stress (PTSD) disorder among persons exposed both to 9-11 and to trauma of storm related events, we are conducting the survey 5-9 months post-Sandy. A cohort of 4,435 Registry enrollees who lived in Sandy storm surge and flooded areas in Manhattan (n=2230), Brooklyn (n=583 ), Staten Island (n=340), elsewhere in New York State (mostly Long Island, n=466),New Jersey (n=297), and Connecticut (n=12) will be compared to a non-flooded group (n=4,435) proportionately sampled by state. Both groups completed the 2011-12 WTCHR follow-up survey. Exposures such as traumatic experiences associated with evacuating during the storm, physical and psychological traumas during sheltering, property losses, and displacement from home and community are hypothesized to be related to mental health status after Sandy. This study is designed to show, for instance, what proportion of those who had symptoms indicative of probable PTSD after 9-11 also reported symptoms associated with Sandy experience. Findings from this study will provide public health emergency planners insight on vulnerability and resilience among persons who have experienced multiple disasters. Preliminary findings are expected by Fall, 2013.
Public health or related public policy
Describe the purpose and design of the World Trade Center Health Registry.
Explain the extent of exposure to trauma by persons impacted by Super-storm Sandy 5-9 months after the disaster
Assess the emergence or reemergence of PTSD among persons directly exposed to 9-11 disaster trauma as a result of Sandy storm experience
Keywords: Mental Health Services, Decision-Making
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the founding Principal Investigator of the World Trade Center Health Registry which is an epidemiological follow-up of persons affected by the WTC disaster on 9-11-01. I am author or co-author of 20 publications reporting short and longterm health effects of the disaster. I am the Principal Investigator of the study reported in the proposed presentation on the effects of Superstorm Sandy on PTSD symptoms.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.