Online Program

Epidemiology of Injury, Morbidity, and Mortality in the Hispanic Population Using the National Trauma Data Bank, 2003 to 2010

Sunday, November 1, 2015

Mackenzie Campbell-Furtick, MS, Research Institute, JPS Health Network, Ft Worth, TX
Background People of Hispanic ethnicity are the largest minority in the U.S. and are expected to become a majority by 2040.  Specialized studies previously conducted on trauma and mortality among Hispanic subpopulations reveal unique risks and outcomes, but do not address national trends in the host of different injury factors over time.  The purpose of this study was to identify epidemiological trends in incidence of injuries and related morbidity and mortality in the Hispanic population.  Methods We retrospectively reviewed the National Trauma Data Bank’s National Sample Program for the years 2003 to 2010.  All adult Hispanic patients (≥18 years of age) were included, while patients > 89 years of age and those with missing race and ethnicity were excluded.  Results From 2003 to 2010, the proportion of Hispanics among the national trauma population remained relatively stable, accounting for 10-13% of trauma patients. Decreased rates of mortality and injury due to work-related incidents and motor vehicles were observed.  Hispanic patients’ age increased significantly, as did rates of injury due to falls. Conclusions The National Trauma Data Bank National Sample Program provides national estimates of injury characteristics and mortality to determine trends among Hispanic trauma patients.  Mortality rates among the Hispanic trauma population have decreased over time, despite an increase in the number of trauma patients.  Focused injury prevention strategies are the next step to improve morbidity in this population.

Learning Areas:

Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Biostatistics, economics
Diversity and culture
Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Identify epidemiological trends in incidence of injuries and related morbidity and mortality in the Hispanic population. Evaluate trends over time using nationwide representative trauma dataset. Define demographic factors and injury incidence characteristics of the Hispanic trauma population in order to develop optimal care and treatment for injury prevention.

Keyword(s): Epidemiology, Latinos

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a research associate at an urban level I trauma center. We are focused on quality and safety in acute care surgery among vulnerable populations in Tarrant county after encounter. A large segment of the population we serve are of Hispanic ethnicity. Therefore we strive to better understand their health perspective and communicate their narrative among our community of praxis.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.