Online Program

A systematic review of yoga interventions as alternative and complementary treatment in cardiovascular disease

Monday, November 2, 2015

Manoj Sharma, MBBS, MCHES, Ph.D., Behavioral & Environmental Health, Jackson State University & Walden University, Jackson, MS
Taj Haider, MPH, The Legal Aid Society, New York, NY, NY
Paul Wesley Branscum, PhD, RD, Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
Cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease, is a leading cause of morbidity, disability, and death worldwide. Researchers are studying lifestyle modifications and alternative forms of therapy to prevent and mitigate the disease. Yoga, a mind-body intervention, utilizes breathing techniques along with low-impact physical postures and meditation that may be used as an alternative treatment for patients with heart disease. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of yoga interventions done with patients of cardiovascular disease and ascertain the efficacy of such interventions.  The inclusion criteria for interventions were: (a) published in the English language between 2005 and 2014; (b) indexed in MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, or Alt HealthWatch; (c) employed a quantitative design; (d) applied a yoga intervention; and (e) utilized patients with cardiovascular disease as opposed to healthy subjects. A total of nine interventions met the inclusion criteria. Of the studies reviewed, all documented significant improvements in one or more factors associated with cardiovascular disease, including fasting plasma glucose, cholesterol levels, plasma serum levels, and/or blood pressure. Limitations of this systematic review include a lack of substantial number of studies adhering to the inclusion criteria, a lack of theory-based approaches, and a lack of consistency in the scales used to measure outcomes of the yoga interventions. Additionally, intervention dosage varied greatly among the studies reviewed. Despite the limitations, the studies reviewed demonstrate the clear potential yoga has as an alternative and complementary means to prevent and control heart disease among sufferers worldwide.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Chronic disease management and prevention
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning

Learning Objectives:
Describe the process of systematic review for yoga interventions in cardiovascular disease Identify the role of yoga as an alternative and complementary treatment for cardiovascular disease. Evaluate the efficacy of yoga interventions in cardiovascular disease.

Keyword(s): Heart Disease, Behavioral Research

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been working with mind-body interventions including yoga for over 25 years. I have conceptualized this study, collected the articles and prepared the manuscript with my co-authors.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.